Undertow (1945)



1946 - Hugh Laing, Alicia Alonso and "Artists of Ballet Theatre". Photo by Baron.
Sets by Raymond Breinin. Photo Courtesy of Judith Chasin-Bennahum


The original program notes were too lengthy for Tudor's liking, thus ten years later, in 1956, the program notes shrank considerably to include just the following:

The ballet concerns itself with the emotional development of a transgressor. The choreographic action depicts a series of related happenings, beginning with his babyhood when he is neglected by his mother. The frustrations engendered by this episode are heightened during his boyhood by his sordid experiences in the lower reaches of a large city, and only resolve themselves in his murder of a lascivious woman.

Antony Tudor
Music / Composer
William Schuman
Commissioned score
First Performance
New York
Metropolitan Opera House
April 10, 1945
Ballet Theatre
US Cast Premiere
Hugh Laing, Diana Adams, John Kriza, Nana Gollner, Alicia Alonso, Janet Reed, Lucia Chase, Shirley Eckl, Patricia Barker, Regis Posers, Stanley Herbertt, Michael Kidd, Fernando Alonso, Kenneth Davis, Roy Tobias, Roszika Sabo, Cynthia Riesly, Dick Beard, Marjorie Tallchief, June Morris, Mildred Ferguson
Costumes / Scenery
Raymond Breinin
Revival US Premiere
Syracuse, NY
Feb 20, 1976
Syracuse Ballet Theatre
French Premiere
Paris, Opera Comique
Feb 18, 1985
Paris Opera Ballet
"Hommage a Antony Tudor"
1973 by Ray Cook
1978-1983 by Airi Hynninen
Number of Dancers
5+7 Women, 2+7 Men
Average Length
45 minutes
Costumes / Scenery
ABT; Royal Swedish Ballet
Licensing Information
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 Ballet Synopsis excerpted with permission from
The Ballets of Antony Tudor by Judith Chazin-Bennahum.



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